The Marxist realm of freedom is, in effect, the four-hour working day: that is, a society so productive that man's labour in the morning can satisfy all of his natural needs and those of his family and fellows, leaving him the afternoon and evening to be a hunter, or a poet, or a critic. In a way, real-world communist societies likes the Soviet Union or the former German Democratic Republic achieved this realm of freedom, since few people put in more than four hours of honest work a day. But the remainder of their time was seldom spent writing poems or criticism, since this could promptly land them in jail; it was spent waiting in line, drinking, or scheming for the opportunity to take a vacation in a crowded sanitarium or a polluted beach.

Francis Fukuyama, The End of History

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